We lived on the island of Tanna (that has just been severely hit by Cyclone Pam) for several years in the nineties. The local peoples lives were certainly lived in tribal (family ) groups each headed by a Chief. The circumscision ceremony was held when the boys returned to the village after having been held in the bush for three months with only the men for company. The procedure is performed by the ‘Clever’ (witchdoctor) with a sharpened piece of cane when the boys are three to eight years old. My time on Tanna is the subject of my memoir Nightmare in Paradise which is in its last edit.
In response to Black and White Sunday